The Gospel according to Matthew
The gospel text below is from The Anchor Bible Matthew, intro, translation and notes by W.F. Albright and C. S. Mann.
73 – Passion Prediction (20:17-19)
17 As Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside, and while they were journeying said to them, 18 “See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and The Man will be turned over to the chief priests and the scribes, who will condemn him to death, 19 and they will turn him over to the Gentiles to be held up to ridicule, flogged and crucified. On the third day he will be raised.”
An interruption of the narrative, for the second time, and no less disurbing to the disciples — who ask not..
74 – Precedence in the Kingdom (20:20-28)
20 Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to him together with her sons, and knelt before him as a supplicant. 21 He said to her, “What do you want?” She replied to him, “Give orders that these two sons of mine may be seated in your Kingdom, one on the right hand and the other on the left.” 22 Jesus answered, “You do not realize what you are asking. Can you drink the cup that I am about to drink?”[bl] They said to him, “We can.” 23 He said to them, “You will indeed drink my cup, but to sit on my right hand and on my left is not mine to grant, but is for those for whom it is prepared by my Father.” 24 The ten, on hearing this, were indignant about the two brothers, 25 but Jesus called them to him and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over their subjects, and their great ones exercise authority over them. 26 Among you, however, it will not be so. Let anyone who wishes to be great among you be your servant, 27 while anyone who wishes to be first among you must be your slave, 28 in the same way that The Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for the community.” ----------------- 20 – Mark has the brothers ask Jesus for the seats Scholars wonder if Matthew is presenting them in a more favorable light. 22 – The disciples are not yet aware of the intimate connection between suffering and privilege in the Messianic community. Cup as a synonym for suffering occurs again in 26:39. Cup refers to a man’s allotted portion in Ugaritic and in the Psalms(11:6, 16:5, 75:8) in Rev 14:10, 14:19, 17:4, 18:6).. 24 – The brothers are not named. 28 – ransom (Gr lutron) The price paid for the manumission of a slave. GREAT COST. - voluntary act of self-giving. - vicarious character of the act = done for those who should have rendered sacrificial obedience, but could not - universal character of the act Cp. Isaiah 53:10-12 New International Version (NIV)
10 Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer,
and though the Lord makes his life an offering for sin,
he will see his offspring and prolong his days,
and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.
11 After he has suffered,
he will see the light of life[ and be satisfied;
by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many,
and he will bear their iniquities.
12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great,[e]
and he will divide the spoils with the strong,[f]
because he poured out his life unto death,
and was numbered with the transgressors.
For he bore the sin of many,
and made intercession for the transgressors.
ransom for many – Lutron anti pollon
75 – Two Blind Men (20:29-34)
29 As they were leaving Jericho, a large crowd followed him. 30 Two blind men, sitting by the roadside and hearing that Jesus was passing by, shouted out, “Take pity on us, Son of David.” 31 The crowd turned on them, demanding they be silent; but they shouted the more insistently, “Take pity on us, son of David!” 32 Jesus stopped, and called them: “What do you want me to do for you?” 33 “Sir, let our eyes be opened.” 34 Moved by pity Jesus touched their eyes. they received sight immediately and followed him.
30 – Two blind men – Mark (10:46) supplies us with the name of a single blind man, “Bartimaeus, son of Timaeus,” but this is obviously a conflation of the Greek with the Aramaic, and what we have in effect in Mark is “son of Timaeus” repeated. Luke has a single unnamed man (Luke 18:35). Matthew’s tradition may be confused or there may have been a tradition that two men were involved. Matthew also is unaware of the Markan and Lukan “the Nazarene” as an appellation of Jesus; in 26:69 Matthew has “the Galilean.”
33 – Sir – Matthew translates the Aram rabbouni, where Mark preserves it transliterated.
The healing of the blind follows the failure of James and John to see the nature of their calling.
76 – Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem (21:1-11)
As they approached Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage by way of the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciple, 2 with instructions: “Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find an ass tied, with a colt. Loose them, and bring them to me. 3 If anyone asks what you are doing, then say ‘The Lord needs them,’ and he will send them immediately.” 4 This happened in fulfillment of what was said by the prophet:
5 “Announce to the daughter of Sion,
Behold, your king is coming to you,
humble, mounted on a donkey,
on a colt, a donkey’s foal.”
6 The disciples went, did as Jesus directed them, 7 and bringing the donkey and the colt they put their cloaks on them, and he sat there. 8 Most of the crowd spread their own cloaks on the road, while others cut down branches from the trees and laid them on the road. 9 The crowds which went before and after the shouted out the words: “Hosanna! O Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the Lord ‘s name! (Cry) Hosanna in the heavenly heights!” 10 As he entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred up, saying, “Who is this?” 11 and the crowds replied, “This is the prophet Jesus from Nazareth in Galilee.”
7 – bringing the donkey and the colt they put their cloaks on them, and he sat there. – an awkward mount? 4 This happened in fulfillment of what was said by the prophet:
– they put their cloaks on them – (Gr himatia) implied great respect and honor to the rider
8 – others cut down branches from the trees and laid them on the road – Is 10:33, etc.
9 – “Hosanna” – The word is from Ps. 118:25-26 and is a prayer for deliverance “Save now” not in any way a cry of praise
This is a weekly update of the proceedings of the Zeteo [Searcher] Sunday School class of the First Presbyterian Church, Murray, Kentucky.
We read texts and discuss in a lively and unstructured fashion
For more information contact Terry.Foreman (AT) murraystate.edu