The Gospel according to Matthew
The gospel text below is from The Anchor Bible Matthew, intro, translation and notes by W.F. Albright and C. S. Mann.
61 – The Transfiguration (17:1-13)
1 Six days afterwards, Jesus took with him Peter, James, and his brother John and brought them privately to a high mountain. 2 There he changed his appearance in their presence, his face shone like the sun, and his clothing shone as the light. 3 Moses and Elijah also appeared to them, talking with him. 4 Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is well for us to be here; if you wish, I[will make three tents, one each for you, one for Moses, and Elijah.” 5 He was still speaking when a bright cloud overshadowed them, and there was a voice from the cloud, “This is my Son, the Beloved One; in him I am well pleased. Listen to him.” 6 On hearing this, the disciples fell prostrate were filled with awe. 7 But Jesus came to them and touched them, saying to them, “Get up and do not be afraid.” 8 And when they raised their eyes, they saw no one except Jesus. 9 As they were coming down the mountain, Jesus ordered them, “Do not speak of the vision to anyone until The Man is raised from the dead.” 10 The disciples asked him, “Why then do the scribes say that first of all Elijah must come?” 11 He replied, “Indeed Elijah comes and re-establishes everything;12 but I tell you that Elijah has come already, and they did not recognize him, but did to him whatever they pleased. So too The Man will suffer at their hands.” 13 Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them about John the Baptist.
1 – six days afterward – ??
– Peter, James and John – core group cp Qumran Essenes
2 – changed his appearance – metamorphothe
– clothing shone as the light – Enoch – similar 16 x in Rev;
– Exodus 34:29-35
3 – Moses and Elijah ~ Law and Prophets – Elijah the messianic herald
4 – Lord – Mark has Rabbi
– it is well for us to be here; if you wish, I[will make three tents – Peter wants to extend the time – Messianic age.
5 – cloud – on the OT hides God.
6 – filled with awe – Luke – fear when they enter the cloud
9 – Do not speak – again publicity regarded as a hindrance
10 – The disciples asked him, “Why then do the scribes say that first of all Elijah must come?” – Q posed immediately after the passion predictions and the injunction to silence.
11- Prophecy of Malachi was correct
12 – Elijah has come already – What is Elijah’s role?
A theophany narrative. Link with the voice in Jesus’ baptism- which also proclaims “This is my Son, the Beloved One” – Also words a phrases of the resurrection and ascension stories, esp. in Luke.
62 – A Lesson about Faith (17:14-21)
14 When they were approaching the crowd, a man came up to him, and knelt before him, 15 with the words, 15 “Sir, have pity on my son, for he is an epileptic and suffers terribly, and often falls into the fire or water. 16 I brought him to your disciples, and they were unable to cure him.” 17 “Faithless and perverse generation!” Jesus replied, “How long am I to be with you? How long am I to bear with you? Bring him here to me.” 18 Then Jesus rebuked it (i.e. the demon), the demon left him, and the boy was cured instantly.
19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately, to ask, “Why were we unable to exorcise it?” 20 He said to them, “Because of your scanty faith. I solemnly tell you that if you have even the faith of a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible for you. [21Nevertheless, this kind does not come out except by prayer and fasting.”]
The Markan account is is considerably fuller.
17 – Matthew notes the saying suggests the approaching end of Jesus’ stay among men.
– Faithless and perverse generation – Dt 32:5 – they are ua crooked and twisted generation.
21 – the text of this verse does not appear in the best MSS.
63 – Passion Prediction (17:22-23)
22 While they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Man will be handed over to men, 23 and they will kill him. On the third day he will be raised.” They were much distressed.
The second passion prediction.
midweek email to class members with a link to this page, as a review of the previous Sunday’s discussion and a reminder of where the class begins when it meets again.
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