The Gospel according to Matthew
The gospel text below is from The Anchor Bible Matthew, intro, translation and notes by W.F. Albright and C. S. Mann.
90 – Judgment (25:31-46)
31 “When The Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. 32 In front of him will be gathered together all the peoples, he will separate them from each other as a shepherd separates sheep from goats, 33 and he will place the sheep at his right hand but the goats on his left. 34 Then the King will say to those at his right hand, ‘Come, you who have been blessed by my Father, inherit the Kingdom which has been prepared for you from the foundation of the world; 35 I was hungry and you fed me, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and took you in, 36 or naked and you clothed me. I was sick and you visited me, in prison and you came to me.’ 37 Then the righteous will answer him, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and fed you, or thirsty and gave you drink? 38 And when did we see you a stranger and took you in, or naked and clothed you? 39 And when did we see you sick or in prison and visited you?’ 40 ‘I solemnly tell you,” the King will reply to them, “that insofar as you did it to one of the most insignificant of these who are my brothers, you did it to me.’ 41 Then he will say to those on his left hand, ‘You accursed ones! Go away from me into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his agents. 42 For I was hungry and you did not give me food, I was thirsty and you did not give me drink, 43 I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.’ 44 Then they in turn will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and we did not serve you?’ 45 He will answer them, ‘I solemnly tell you, that in so far as you did not do this for one of the most insignificant of these, it was to me that you failed to do it.’ 46 And they will go into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”
The theme of judgment in the ministry of Jesus which characterized the previous parables has determined the place of this discourse on the final judgment, a parable found only in Matthew.
This is instruction to the inner circle – how Jesus’ followers are to treat the most insignificant.
Now that the passion narrative is about to be told, Jesus declares his identification with the suffering.
25:31 – The Man – there is a puzzling change in vs. 34 to the King. Albright’s position has been that The Man in Matthew is a figure of glory – foreshadowing his exaltation. So here: 31 “When The Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne.
33 – sheep…goats – Not the figure of the last judgment.
91 – Passover: Plot to Kill Jesus (26:1-5)
26:1 When Jesus had said all this, he said to his disciples, 2 “You know that in two days the Passover is coming, and The Man will be handed over to be crucified.”
3 Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in the palace of the high priest, named Caiaphas, 4 and discussed seizing Jesus by treachery and killing him. 5 They said, however, “Not during the festival, so that it may nor cause unrest among the people.””
2 – in two days – Mark has three
3 – Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in the palace of the high priest – Seems to be a semi-official meeting of the Sanhedrin.
– Caiaphas, He is mentioned by name only in Matthew and John. He was high priest from CE18-36, according to Josephus.
92 – Passover: Bethany (26:6-13)
6 Now when Jesus was in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, 7 a woman came to him with an alabaster jar of very expensive ointment, and she poured it on his head as he sat at table. 8 But when the disciples saw it, they became indignant. 9 “Why this waste?” they asked. “This ointment could have been sold for a large sum, which might have been given to the poor.” 10 When Jesus knew of this, he said to them, “Why do you distress the woman? She has done a beautiful thing for me, 11 for you always have the poor with you, but you will not always have me. 12 She has poured this ointment on my body to prepare me for burial. 13 I solemnly tell you, wherever this proclamation is made in the whole world, what she has done will be told as a memorial of her.”
8 – The evangelist wishes to emphasize that the indignant disciples had overlooked the anointing of kings.
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